Reference

Areas of Special Amenity

The objective of the Special Amenity Area Order is primarily to protect areas of outstanding natural beauty or special recreational value whilst having regard to any benefits for nature conservation....

Bat Surveys

Examination of ‘areas of special interest’ for bats, namely, mature and ivy-covered trees, stonewalls and other manmade structures both over and underground, and natural caves within a proposed development site should be carried out by a bat specialist prior to the commencement of vegetation...

Bats & Bridges

In relation to bridge works, studies have shown that bats use a variety of crevice sizes in bridges from 13mm to 70mm in width to 350mm to 1000mm in depth for summer roosts and deeper crevices for winter hibernation sites. Therefore, bridges should always be checked for bat presence by a bat...

Bats and Buildings

In addition to trees, derelict buildings and other built structures should be manually checked by a bat specialist for the presence of bats. Close inspection is required using a powerful torch and/or fiberscope, where necessary, of all suitable crevices and cavities and by means of an emergence...

Bats and Development

Care must be taken to protect bat species during the development of a site. Various steps can be taken to ensure that bats are not impacted by works and to establish suitable habitats for bats. Bat Surveys should be undertaken of Buildings, Trees and Bridges prior to site clearance and...

Bats and Trees

Where possible, trees with features favourable for bat use such as cracks, crevices and hollows and those with loose bark should be retained. Taking into account the Root Protection Area (RPA) and the Construction Exclusion Zone (CEZ)...

Certified Irish Provenance Plant Material

The Native Woodland Scheme (NWS) provides grant aid for the establishment, conservation and restoration of native Irish woodland.  The procedures outlined by the NWS ensure traceability and assurance that all planting material originates from a suitable source within Ireland and is fully...

Challenges

Though there is a certification system in place for the more common native trees and shrubs, there are a number of challenges facing landscape practitioners, not least the absence of a certification system for Irish native provenance grass and wildflower seed mixes. The development of a scheme...

Commercial Seed Mixes

In terms of commercial seed mixes, there is a vast array of wildflower meadow seed mixes available from local garden centres, supermarkets, local hardwares, websites and through gardening magazines. While the majority of these will state that the mixture is an “Irish meadow mix...

European Landscape Convention 2000

In 2002 Ireland ratified the European Landscape Convention – also known as the Florence Convention, which promotes the protection, management and planning of European landscapes and organises European co-...

Extraction

After maceration, the entire mass of pulp, skin and berries may be sown, but extraction of the seed makes the whole process more exact. It also releases the seed from the inhibiting effects of the pigments contained within the pulp and skin...

Flora (Protection) Order 1999

There are a number of plants protected in Ireland under Section 21 of the Wildlife Act, 1976.  These species are listed in the Flora (Protection Order), 1999.  Under the...

Foreign Provenance Plant Material

Foreign material are plants derived from seed or plants derived outside of Ireland. In contrast to Irish provenance material, foreign provenance stock has evolved over the millennia in differant environmental and climatic regimes and is genetically distinct. Many nurseries registered in the U.K...

Forestry Act 1946

Limited felling licenses are mainly used for the felling of small-scale forests or individual trees, or for tree clearance on development sites (e.g. residential developments, windfarm development projects, etc.). Under the limited licensing procedure a replanting condition may apply, at the...

Hay Strewing and Brush Harvesting

Hay-strewing involves the use of hay from local semi-natural grasslands which contain the seed of desirable native broadleaved herbs and grasses. As with natural recolonisation, it provides a locally appropriate indigenous seed source. Suitable donor semi-natural grasslands can be located...

How to Establish a Pond Habitat

Ponds are an important biodiversity resource in the Irish landscape as they support a wide variety of plants and animals that live in or near freshwater habitats. They provide connectivity as they are important stepping stones and ‘refugia’ or ‘safe havens’ for native species, especially in...

How to Establish a Wildflower Meadow or Semi-natural Grassland

Natural Recolonisation, Stripping of Soils, use of Sods, Turves and Plugs, Hay strewing, Brush Harvesting and...

How to Establish a Woodland Habitat

Natural recolonization is considered to be the most ecologically sound approach to establishment of woodland, scrub and hedgerow vegetation. However, because Planting requires a much...

Landscape Conservation Areas

A planning authority may, by order, for the purposes of the preservation of the landscape, designate any area or place within the functional area of the authority as a landscape conservation area.

Long-term Seed Storage

If you wish to store seed for more than a few weeks, for example saving part of a good year’s harvest to plant in future years:

  1. First extract the seeds/stones from their cone, seed pod or fruit/berry flesh as necessary.
  2. Once clean and dry, put them into polythene bags,...

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