Irish Native Trees

Common name Latin name Height Characteristics
Alder - Fearnóg Alnus glutinosa 22 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Streets & Confined Spaces, Tolerates or prefers Damp Conditions, Tolerates Shade, Tolerates smoke or pollution
Arbutus - Caithne Arbutus unedo
Ash - Fuinseóg Fraxinus excelsior 28 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable as an Individual tree, Tolerates or prefers Damp Conditions, Tolerates Shade, Tolerates smoke or pollution
Aspen - Crann creathach Populus tremula 24 Invasive, Suitable for Open Spaces, Tolerates or prefers Damp Conditions, Tolerates Shade, Tolerates smoke or pollution
Birch - Downy - Beith chlúmhach / Silver - Beith gheal Betula pubescens / Betula pendula 18 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Streets & Confined Spaces, Suitable as an Individual tree, Tolerates or prefers Damp Conditions, Tolerates smoke or pollution
Bird Cherry – Donnroisc Prunus padus 18 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Streets & Confined Spaces, Suitable for Hedging, Suitable as an Individual tree
Blackthorn - Draighean Prunus spinosa 3 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Invasive, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Hedging, Tolerates smoke or pollution
Bramble - Dris Rubus fructicosus 2 Climber, Invasive, Suitable for Hedging
Broom - Giolcach sléibhe Cytisus scoparius 2 Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Confined Spaces, but not Streets, Tolerates Dry conditions
Buckthorn - Paide bréan Purging. Rhamnus cathartic | Alder. Frangula alnus 3 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Invasive, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Hedging, Tolerates smoke or pollution
Crab Apple - Crann fia-úll Malus sylvestris 6 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Hedging, Tolerates smoke or pollution
Dog Rose - Feirdhris Rosa canina 2 Climber, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Hedging
Elder - Tromán Sambucus nigra 6 Invasive, Suitable for Open Spaces
Gorse - Aiteann Ulex europaeus and Ulex gallii
Guelder Rose - Caorchon Viburnum opulus 4.5 Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Hedging, Tolerates or prefers Damp Conditions
Hawthorn - Sceach gheal Crataegus monogyna 9 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Streets & Confined Spaces, Suitable for Hedging, Suitable as an Individual tree, Tolerates Shade, Tolerates smoke or pollution
Hazel - Coll Corylus avellana 6 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Hedging, Tolerates Shade
Holly - Cuileann Ilex aquifolium 15 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Streets & Confined Spaces, Suitable for Hedging, Tolerates Shade, Tolerates smoke or pollution
Honeysuckle - Féithleann Lonicera periclymenum Climber Climber, Suitable for Open Spaces
Irish yew Taxus baccata 'fastigata' 14 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Streets & Confined Spaces, Suitable as an Individual tree, Tolerates Shade, Tolerates smoke or pollution
Ivy - Eidhneán Hedera helix Climber Climber, Suitable for Open Spaces
Juniper - Aiteal Juniperus communis
Oak - Dair Quercus spp 30 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable as an Individual tree
Pedunculate Oak – Dair ghallda Quercus robur 30 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Only on large sites, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable as an Individual tree
Rowan - Caorthann Sorbus aucuparia 9 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Streets & Confined Spaces, Suitable for Hedging, Suitable as an Individual tree, Tolerates or prefers Damp Conditions, Tolerates smoke or pollution
Scots Pine - Péine albanach Pinus sylvestris 24 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable as an Individual tree
Sessile Oak - Dair ghaelach Quercus petraea 30 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Only on large sites, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable as an Individual tree
Spindle - Feoras Euonymous europaeus 7.5 Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Hedging
Whitebeam - Fionncholl Sorbus spp
Wild Cherry or Gean - Crann silín fiáin Prunus avium 15 Grows in a wide variety of soils, Suitable for Open Spaces, Suitable for Streets & Confined Spaces, Suitable as an Individual tree
Willows - Saileach Salix spp 6 Invasive, Not close to buildings or services
Wych Elm - Leamhán sléibhe Ulmus glabra 30 Suitable for Open Spaces, Tolerates Shade, Tolerates smoke or pollution