(e.g. Willow Species)
- Cuttings are best taken in October to November. Depending on species ripe or semi-ripe wood should be selected.
- Take cuttings 15 to 25cm in length and between 1.5 and 3cm in diameter from young branches on a parent tree (branches up to 2.5m long which will provide up to 10 cuttings.
- Each branch is removed by executing a straight cut just below a bud.
- Any old growth or side branches are cleared neatly from the branch.
- Growth thinner than pencil thickness at the top of the branch is removed (as it is unsuitable).
- Each cutting should have at least three buds on it.
- Each cutting is removed working from the base of the branch upwards; a straight or "base cut" is made just under a bud: then 15 - 25cm above the base a slanted or "top cut" is made just above a bud.
[The slanted "top cut" serves to make it obvious as to the correct end for planting and prevents water lying on top of the cutting which can cause rot].
- Following each "top cut" a short piece of waste wood is removed before moving up to the next "base cut".
- The 'pegs' can be planted straight away or stored appropriately.
- The straight or base cut being pushed into the soil to half or two thirds the length of the 'peg'.